A recent study has shown that men who experience specific job-related stressors are more likely to develop heart disease than those who do not. Over 6,500 white-collar workers were followed for 18 years in the study, and two job-related conditions were identified as linked to increased cardiovascular risk. These conditions were job strain and effort-reward imbalance. Job strain involves high demands and low control, such as having a heavy workload with tight deadlines and little say in decision making. On the other hand, effort-reward imbalance occurs when a person’s effort is high but their salary, recognition or job security is low.
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