This is how our Neanderthal cousin’s face was reconstructed from her skull

Neanderthals: Our Distant Ancestors May Have Buried Their Dead in a Human-Like Manner

Neanderthals, our distant ancestors, may have buried their dead in a manner similar to modern humans, according to recent paleontology research. The reconstruction of the face of a Neanderthal woman named Shanidar Z provides insight into the physical characteristics of these ancient humans. The skull of Shanidar Z was discovered in the Shanidar cave in the Kurdish region of Iraq in 2018, where other Neanderthal remains have been found.

The reconstruction of Shanidar Z’s face revealed that Neanderthals had distinctive features, such as thick bony ridges over their eyes, but also displayed human-like characteristics. The likeness between Neanderthals and modern humans is further evidenced by the fact that the two species interbred, with modern humans today carrying on average a couple of percent of Neanderthal DNA.

The process of reconstructing Shanidar Z’s face involved piecing together fragments of her skull, which had been flattened over time under layers of soil. The fragile bones had to be reinforced and imaged using advanced technology. Conservator Lucía López-Polín carried out the painstaking reconstruction work, resulting in a lifelike representation of Shanidar Z’s features.

Further research into the remains found in the Shanidar cave suggests that Neanderthals may have had rituals surrounding death. Pollen remains indicate that some deceased individuals were buried with flowers and stones, hinting at a possible belief in an afterlife. The discovery of a hand injury on one of the Neanderthal remains also suggests that these ancient humans cared for their injured members.

The study of Shanidar Z and other Neanderthal remains challenges previous assumptions about the intelligence and behavior of these ancient humans. The reconstruction of Shanidar Z’s face provides a glimpse into the lives of Neanderthals and their interactions with death and the afterlife. As scientific advancements continue to shed light on our prehistoric relatives, our understanding of Neanderthals and their place in the evolutionary timeline continues to evolve.

In conclusion, paleontology researchers have discovered that ne

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