New study published in the ‘Journal of the American College of Cardiology’ reveals that young people may be more susceptible to atherosclerosis, a condition characterized by hardening and narrowing of the arteries. This is due to their arteries being less exposed to aging and therefore more vulnerable to damage from high cholesterol and blood pressure.
The research carried out at the National Center for Cardiovascular Research (CNIC) highlights the need for aggressive control of risk factors to begin at an earlier age in life. The authors suggest changing primary prevention strategies to address this need. Experts from the University of Chicago and Wake Forest University-Winston Salem emphasize the importance of early detection and aggressive modification of risk factors in preventing cardiovascular disease.
Furthermore, the study suggests that atherosclerosis can be reversed, even at a young age through lifestyle modifications such as diet changes, cessation of alcohol consumption, reduction of salt intake, as well as pharmacological treatments for both cholesterol and blood pressure if necessary.
The authors propose early screening for subclinical atherosclerosis and aggressive risk factor control as a way to alleviate the global burden of cardiovascular disease. They recommend an aggressive approach to lowering cholesterol levels and controlling blood pressure through lifestyle changes and pharmacological treatments if required. It is estimated that 30% of people between 40 and 45 years old have atherosclerosis in some arterial segment, making early screening and intervention critical.
In conclusion, this study sheds light on the importance of taking proactive measures to prevent atherosclerosis in young people by controlling risk factors through lifestyle changes or pharmacological treatments if necessary. Early detection and intervention can help prevent cardiovascular disease later in life.